The 3rd International Conference on Tropical Studies and Its Applications

Opening

Prof. Dr. H. Masjaya, M.Si

Rector of Mulawarman University

Assalamu’alaikum warohmatullahi wabarokatuh

First of all, let us thank Allah, the Almighty, for blesing and guding us into the right path, and for granting all means and opportunities together here to attend this very meaningful occasion.

On behalf of the Mulawarman University, we are greatly honored and pleased to welcome you all to the second International Conference on Tropical Studies and Its Application (ICTROPS) 2019 on “Integrated Research on Tropical Studies”.

The framework of Mulawarman Univesity as a “Center of Excellence for Tropical Studies” as a part of the 4 in 1 initiative. This initiative is projected to excel in Teaching and Learning, Research and Innovation, and Staff Development as soft programs and Campus Ifrastructure as hard program. With the assistance of this IsDB program, the 4 in 1 initiative has two umbrella programs of research consortium and curricula development. The outcomes of this initiative are competent graduates, publication, quality of teaching-learning, excellent services, student quality, academic atmosphere, IPR, prototypes, research collaboration, and employability. In short, the 4 in 1 consortium will have a positive impact on developing bation competitiveness by providing competent graduates, collaboration in research, academic reputation, and excellent services and management.

Ladies and gentelmen, finally allow me on behalf of the big family of Mulawarman University to wish you a fruitful and pleasant international conference. Wassalamu’alaikum warohmatullahi wabarokatuh

 

Dr. Sc. Mustaid Yusuf, M.Si

Executive Director of PIU-IsDB

Assalamu’alaikum warohmatullahi wabarokatuh

The important role of this IsDB project is as and enabler for Mulawarman University to achieve as a Service Excellence on Center for Tropical Studies (SE-CTS) by developing five key sectors namely Campus Infrastructure (CI), Teaching and Learning (T&L), Research, on Campus Service (CS), and Public Services (PS). The project will indirectly benefit GDP of the nation as a result of higher quality of education. It’s expected that the project will increase the quality of graduates, both in academic skills as the core competence and soft skills as an essential added value. It’s projected that the project becomes an important trajectory for qualified human resources the are heavily in need to face the embracing ASEAN Economic Community and Possibly Trans Pasific Partnerships. Samarinda as the host city for Mulawarman University and East Kalimantan province will also economically benefited through the coming of more young researchers.

The International Conference on Tropical Studies and It’s Application annual conference on August 2019 is organized by Mulawarman University in collaboration with Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) and Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of The Republic of Indonesia. All accepted and selected papers after extension and modification will be published in f1000Research.

On behalf of Project Implementation Uniet (PIU) Islamic Development Bank (IsDB) of Mulawarman University, We would also like to extend our gratitude especially to all speakers, participant and committee. Wassalamu’alaikum warohmatullahi wabarokatuh

 

Exposure

Searching for Bioactive Compounds from Thai Plants

Warinthorn Chavasiri

Center of Excellence in Chemistry of Natural Products,

Departement of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok 10330, Thailand.

Thailand locates ini tropical region which makes the country rich in flora and fauna. Several bioactive compounds could be isolated and their biological activities will be presented as as selected example. Sixteen compounds were isolated with well-characterization from the heartwoods of M. gagei. Among isolated compounds, three coumarins (namely masorins A-C), and mansoxetane were identified as new natural occurring compounds. Mansonones (mansonone C, E, G and H) were detected as main compositions in this plant extract. Additionally, further studies on the structure-activity relationship of mansonone G and it’s derivatives will also be discussed.

 

Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability (LOHAS) for the better future : How to utilize natural products –Medicine, Functional Food, Aroma, Woody house

Kuniyoshi Shimizu

Laboratory of Systematic Forest and Forest Products Sciences, Division of Sustainable Bioresources Science, Department of Agro-environmental Sciences, Faculty of Agriculture, Kyushu University

Our research group has been focusing on how to utilize natural products based on LOHAS (Lifestyles of Health and Sustainability) concept with relevant scientific evidence. Research fields include as follows. 1) Natural medicines, 2) Natural cosmetic, 3) Natural functional food, 4) Natural aroma, 5) Natural dwelling space. Following topics will be discussed.

  1. How to utilize medicinal mushroom such as Ganoderma lingzhi for curing benign prostate hyperplasia
  2. How to utilize the by-product in Olive oil production
  3. How to utilize the aroma such as essential oil prepared from the leaves of Abies Sibiricaa or laurel (Laurus nobilis) leaves it self
  4. How to utilize the wood as living materials, such as the wooden dwelling spaces using naturally processed sugi (Cryptomeria japonica) woods boards

 

Pharmacovigiliance Approach to Tropical Products of Natural Drugs and Suplements

Ziaur Rahman* & Zahra Hashemi**

*Profesor, Department of Pharmacology, Jawaharial Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, india

**Pharmacist & In-charge, Centre for Safety and Rational Use of Indian Systems of Medicine, Ibn Sina Academy of Medievel Medicine and Sciences, Aligarh, India

No medicinal product is safe whether it’s of streamline medicine of belongs to traditional system of medicine. Tropical products of natural drugs and supplements, no matter how common it’s clinical uses, have the potential to cause harm. It’s true that adverse reactions are a cost of modern medical therapy, but indigenous drugs used in traditional medicines especially herbs and tropical products are also not safe in true sense. These herbal medicines and tropical products of natural drugs and supplements are in fact widely used in health-care in both developed and developing countries. Traditional practitioners argue that medicines used and prescribed by them, don’t need any clinical testing as they are being used since ages. They claim that if the medicines are prepared as per traditional formularies, then they won’t pose any harm. But in reality, all medicines aren’t prepared as per standard format. In this era of competition and also unavailability of unfinished quality raw material, all medicines aren’t manufactured as per standard format. In this era of competition and also unavailability of unfinished quality raw material, all medicines aren’t manufactured as per standardization levied by drug regulatory agencies. Any deviation from the official pharmacopoelas, may lead to cause adverse reactions. In addition, in recent yerars, there have been several other high-profile herbal safety concerns that have had an impact on the public health, and there is increasing recognition of the need to develop Pharmacogvigilance systems for medicinal herbs and tropical products. Pharmacovigilance should be a priority for every country with a public health disease. The focused Pharmacovigilance initiatives for the safe treatment of tropical diseases such as malaria, leishmaniasis and schistosomiasis, involving the administration of medicines to large communities are being implemented within the same population with little knowledge of, or regard to, how these various medicines could interact with each other. Moreover, Pharmacovigilance approach to tropical herbal medicines presents unique challenges. This paper aims to provide a critical overview of the current state of Pharmacovigilance activities for some tropical diseases and herbal tropical medicines at the national and global levels. It will explore in depth the challenges that Pharmacovigilance of herbal medicines presents, consider relevant emerging issues and what steps could be taken to improve tha safety monitoring for herbal medicines in the future.

 

French scientific experience on forest fires research field: An extrapolation to tropical forest fires risk

Professor Khaled Chetehouna

INSA Centre Val de Loire, Univ. Orleans, PRISME EA 4229, F-18020, Bourges, France

Tropical forests have a global impact on the climate regulation. Blodiversity within is the highest on the earth with the highest annual rainfall. The are the most important terrestrial environment on Earth where disproportionate role in global carbon and energy cycles is played. However, due to their particula weather (two seasons: dry and wet) with relatively stable average temperature, the tropical forests are subjected to several issues. Among them, wildfires have strong negative impact the tropical forest, not only environmental, but also economical and risk to people. On the other hand, Europe has experienced extreme wildfires in the las decade. In some country in Europe, the wildland overlaps the urban cities, and the farmland are being taken out agricultural use. This has led to provide additional fire fuel, thereby worsening the wildfires.

This presentation will focus on four key parts that are critical to wildfires, and include the following aspects : (1) understanding wildfire mechanisms by observing some examples of wildfires in the last decade, (2) studying the particularities of tropical forests from the wildfire point of view, (3) giving a vision about french scientific experience on forest fires research field, and finally (4) triying to extrapolate the scientific experiences to tropical forests.

 

Learning Dynamic Models from Measured Data

Professor Driss Boutat

INSA Centre Val de Loire, Univ. Orleans, PRISME EA 4229, F-18020, Bourges, France

Modelling a real life system starts with defining it’s inputs/outputs, where the inputs depend on the nature of the actuator (or to take actions) and the outputs are measurements. In general, some of the outputs are measured using physical sensors, while the unavailable stats can be obtained using the so-called software sensors (or observers). For accurate understanding real life system, data about it’s state are usually measured using physical sensors. This can be expensive and makes the system information directly. Due to these drawbacks, a solution may be the introduction of the so-called software sensors or observers. These sensors are based on a well-defined mathematical meode isn’t always possible, or the obatained models don’t allow obtaining strategies to drive accurate comprehensive conclusion of our system. Therefore, how we can to overcome those difficulties? Using dynamic models learning.